The word meridian originates from the Latin curiculus meridianus, which means imaginary great circle. The expression meridian has been an essential term used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for approximately 1,500 years in acupuncture treatment.
According to traditional Chinese medicine theory, life energy (qi) flows in lines, known as meridians, which are comparable to chakras in ayurvedic theory. This energy is supplied through nutrition, breath and from the Earth’s bio-magnetic field. The person’s health depends on a free energy flow in the human body. If there is a blockage to the energy flow, the person will become ill.
Following this concept, there are twelve main meridians each corresponding to an organ. Most of the seven hundred or so acupuncture points are located on these meridians, which can be treated through applying pressure with the fingers or with the use of needles. By stimulating the acupuncture points the energy flow balances out.
Each of the main meridians has its own direction of flow. Yin meridians go from the toes to the core and from the core to the fingers, Yang meridians run from the fingers to the face and from the face to the toes. According to TCM theory, the main meridians create a circle, whereby there is a constant flow of energy throughout the body.
According to traditional Chinese medicine, the existence of the meridian system hasn’t been scientifically proven.
Related topics: Moxibustion , Qi , Acupressure , Applied kinesiology , Tuina Massage , Shiatsu , Qigong , Chi Yang , Chakras , Ayurveda , Acupuncture