Little ABC for your spa-break questions ...
In their treatment discriptions, wellness hotels often use technical terms, which are hard to understand for potential guests. We have therefore collected and defined the most relevant terms in our small wellness ABC. A tip: Our wellness dictionary also supports word requests. You don't need to know the exact wording.
Perspiring in dry or humid heat goes back as far as the Stone Ages. These stone sweat baths spread across the Northern hemisphere, from America to Asia. Stones were heated to a high temperature and water thrown over the stones to create steam, to cleanse the body. A bath in water was unknown. Influenced by the sweat bath, the Greeks and the Romans developed the bath culture. A good example is the Diocletian thermal baths in Rome, which were able to take up to three thousand people.
A regular visit to the sauna strengthens the immune system, improves the cardiovascular system and is great for the skin. The temperature in a dry sauna is much higher than a steam or wet sauna and has much lower humidity. The temperature in a dry sauna is typically between 85 and 100 degrees with humidity of less than 25%.
Before the first sauna session, it is recommended to shower and dry off thoroughly because dry skin starts to sweat quicker than wet skin. The first sauna session should be no longer than 8-10 minutes. It is important to know that the higher the sauna bench, the higher the temperature is. In general, it is healthier and more effective to sit on the higher benches for a short time. However, it is also important to consider the wellbeing of the individual. For the last 1-2 minutes you should stay on the lower bench to stabilise the circulation.
A cool down phase follows the sauna session with a cold shower. It is advisable to start from the right ankle, moving across the legs and arms towards the heart to protect the heart and the circulation.
Each sauna session is followed by a period of rest to relax the body. This period should last at least as long as the sauna session. It is important that the body does not cool down too much, so a bath robe or blanket is advisable. The next sauna session can begin after completing the resting phase. However, it is recommended not to do more than 3 sauna sessions because the body can become exhausted. It is essential to drink plenty of fluids after the sauna sessions, in particular, refreshing, isotonic drinks.
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