Aerobics – dynamic group fitness training to music
The word aerobic originates from the Greek, meaning with oxygen. Aerobics is training that takes place at a high oxygen level for a period of time to improve cardiovascular health and fitness. In the 1960s the adjective became a noun in the English language. Kenneth H. Cooper, a doctor of medicine and a former Air Force Colonel, was the founder of aerobics and his book Aerobics was published in 1968. Cooper promoted cardiovascular training to improve fitness levels and his book triggered a huge jogging wave. An American woman, Jacki Sorensen, is considered to be the founder of aerobic dancing, or aerobics as it is known now, which combines jogging with the fun of dancing.
An aerobic training session starts with the participants doing a warm up in a group. This is followed by a period of cardiovascular training. At the end of the session the participants cool down slowly with gentle stretching exercises. The tempo of the music varies during the session depending on whether it’s the warm up, the middle section of cardio or the cool down. Aerobics training involves using the whole body by altering sequences with changes in the rhythm or tempo of the music. Resistance equipment can be added to the routine, such as hand weights, elastic bands or balls, to increase intensity and offer variation. Other forms of aerobic training like body styling, step aerobics and body shaping use the basic elements of aerobics.
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